College basketball court dimensions differ from NBA, high school, junior high, and elementary courts not only because of the size of the players but also to increase the difficulty of the sport. Even during the olympics, the international court size differs from college courts in order to help increase the difficulty and to keep spectators interested. All interior markings; three-point arc, free throw line, and the center circle are all kept, but usually the length and width are changed depending on the playing level and country. If you note, the picture above is approximately the size of a standard, United States, college basketball court.
In other regions around the world, college basketball court dimensions differ because of the ability or size of players. For example, Indonesian basketball courts are 28 meters by 15 meters as regulated by the Indonesian Basketball Unity. This larger court allows for a greater ability to pass, set up plays, and score baskets that may not have been possible from one player. In the United States, the college basketball court is 26 meters long by 14 meters wide, offering a shorter and narrower playing field. Partially due to the fact that college athletes still are not developed enough to play on a full sized court, but also because of how the United States plays the game, this smaller court allows for games to be higher scoring and therefore more exciting. While different, the rectangular concept of the court remains, which allows players to adapt quickly if they are playing for an international team or in the olympics.
So, as I mentioned earlier, the dimensions of a college basketball court are 26 meters by 14 meters or 84 feet by 50 feet. From the free-throw line to the hoop, it is about 15 feet, and another 4 feet from the hoop to the baseline (out-of-bounds). From the basket to the either side of the three-point arch is slightly less than 20 feet, at 19 feet 9 inches. The “paint” area is 12 feet wide, and the radius of the center court circle is 6 feet. In order to accurately convert the college dimensions to fit other leagues, one must figure out the ratio to scale up or down, multiplying or dividing the college basketball court dimensions. I hope this article helped you to better understand the dimensions of a college basketball court and why different leagues such as the NBA or international teams have similarly scaled courts.